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Jain Art

Dancing figures. Detail of a carved pillar, Dilwara, Mount Abu. Chalukya 13th centuruy AD. (click on pic. to see larger image)

The strong and staunch following of Jainism which gathered during the late Medieval  period is evidenced by the countless Jain temples which either survived the onslaught of the raiding Muslim armies or were restored or commissioned after the invasions. The wealthy mercantile class which patronized the faith created a haven for the Jain monks in the western Indian regions of Saurashtra, Gujarat, and west Rajasthan where they established numerous temples and monastries for them. The last blossoming of western Indian architectural and sculptural style was brought by the Jains in the holy mountain peak of Mount Abu in south-west Rajasthan, between 1032 and 1233, just when Islamic invasion was devastating temples elsewhere in India.



Ceiling of a Jain temple, Mount Abu (Rajasthan). Chalukya, 11th century AD. (click on pic. to see larger image)

The dance of the Apsaras. Illustrated page from a Jain manuscript of the Kalpasutra. From Western India , 15th century AD. National Museum ,New Delhi. (click on pic. to see larger image)



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Arts Indian Atelier 1999-2000