Art Terms...

Abstract
Abstract Art
Abstract art is a form of artistic expression, which does not represent reality as visible to us. Instead, though it takes its inspiration from the real world, it makes use of patterns for expression. These patterns establish independent relationships with the onlooker, with no reference to the original source of inspiration.

Acrylic
Acrylic
This is a kind of paint which uses a synthetic medium instead of a natural one. Some artists prefer acrylic to natural oils since it dries quickly.
Etching
Etching is a painstaking means of artistic expression, which also requires a mastery over the technique. It involves the use of an acid on a metal plate to create a design. The term also indicates the designs created by employing the method of etching. With the help of a needle, the design is scratched through an acid resistant coating. The scratching exposes the metal beneath in specific areas. This plate is then immersed in an acid bath and the acid affects only the scratched parts creating the intended designs. The depth of the lines is determined by the duration of time for which the plate remains immersed in the acid. The process can be repeated or prolonged for those parts where the design needs to be emphasized. The parts which are being shielded from the acid, are coated with varnish.
Figurative
Art inspired by and representative of the real, visible world. It takes visible objects as its base and then distorts or alters them to convey message. The human from is the most common base for these paintings.

Figurative
Gallery
The general meaning would be a narrow passage attached to a large room with openings into it. But in our context, it is a place reserved for the display and sale of paintings and other work of art.
Gouache
A type of painting made with the use of opaque watercolors. The term is also used for the medium of such a painting. The filler used in this case is most often opaque white, which gives a chalky look to the painting. The pigments are bound by gum.
Ground
Ground is the surface that has been especially prepared for painting. The support, such as canvas or paper, along with the base coats of desired material, on which a painting is made.
Landscape
Landscape
This refers to the painting where the physical size has greater width than height. The name comes from the theme of landscape, which is typically painted in such proportions. Landscape, as a theme, is a painted or photographic representation of a view of natural surroundings
Lithograph
 Lithography is a method of printing lithograph is the print made by this technique. A drawing made on a zinc plate or a limestone block using a greasy material.  The plate is then wet and a greasy ink is applied to it, which sticks only to the lines that have be drawn. A special press is now used to rub a moist paper all over the plate to make a print or a lithograph.
Medium
The pigment which is used to get the required colour in a painting, needs to be suspended in some liquid. This liquid is called the medium. In an oil painting, for example, the paints are dissolved in linseed oil, so the medium is oil. Medium also refers to the material used by an artist to give expression to his creativity. For instance, a sculptor uses stone as his medium of expression.

 

 


Mix Media
Mix Media
A relatively new (20th century) art form in which combined use of different types of physical materials is made together. An art creation which involves a combination of various media into one.

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